I read Kostler years ago on the Khazars conversion. I like your work. On the other hand the first governor of England under Rome had a Jewish wife.



Richards and his team claim that maternal lineages did not originate in the Near or Middle East or the Khazarian Caucasus but rather, for the most part, within Mediterranean Europe. Another twist in the findings: Jewish women may have been assimilated in Europe as far back as 2,000 years ago—earlier than most other studies have projected. The researchers believe the DNA could trace back to the early Roman Empire, when as much as 10 percent of the population practiced Judaism, many of them converts. Overall, they claim, at least 80 percent of Ashkenazi maternal ancestry comes from women indigenous to Europe while 8 percent originated in the Near East, with the rest uncertain.

According to Nicholas Wade of the New York Times, Doron Behar, one of the key authors of the 2006 analysis, said he disagreed with the conclusions, but has provided no detailed critique as yet.

Wade also talked to David Goldstein, who said he believed the estimate that 80 percent of Ashkenazi Jewry originated in Europe was too high considering the unpredictability of mitochondrial DNA data.

The new research underscores an emerging consensus that wandering Jewish men, from the Near East, established a mosaic of small Jewish communities—first in Italy and then scattered throughout Europe, often taking on local gentile wives and raising their children as Jews.

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Jan 12Liked by Alexander's Cartographer

Superb - thank you

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Dec 17, 2022Liked by Alexander's Cartographer

Incredibly thorough work. Thank you.

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Dec 14, 2022Liked by Alexander's Cartographer

Incredible-what a read. Thank you.

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Dec 13, 2022Liked by Alexander's Cartographer

This was excellent! I'm looking forward to the next two articles.

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